The Revised Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) is a framework of guidance for every registered early years' setting (including schools) working with children from birth to 5 years. It consists of seven areas of learning and development. All areas are particularly cruicial for igniting children's curiosity and enthusiasm for learning and for building their capacity to learn, form relationships and thrive.

The three 'Prime' areas are:

  • Communication and Language
  • Physical Development
  • Personal, social and emotional Development
  • The four 'Specific' areas are:

  • Literacy
  • Mathematics
  • Understanding the world
  • Expressive arts and design
  • More about the areas of learning and development

    Communication and Language

    Communication and language development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves.

    Physical Development

    This area of learning and development looks at how your child communicates, how they build language through speaking and listening, and how they learn about words and writing. We encourage all children to express their ideas and to listen to others. Your child will be offered lots of opportunities to explore language through books, play and sharing stories and rhymes. They will have the chance to explore sounds, identify different sounds around them and later learn to link sounds to letters. Your child will be helped to recognise that words have meaning. They will also be encouraged to make marks and as they develop they will start to form letters and begin to understand about writing.

    Personal, social and Emotional Development

    This area of learning develops mathematical understanding through children's early learning experiences such as stories, songs and imaginative play. Your child will also begin to learn about numbers and how to solve problems in practical ways such as: games, talking, counting and rhymes. Your child will learn about shape, size and pattern, as well as developing an understanding of mathematical words and ideas.


    This area of learning and development helps your child make sense of the world around them. It lets them explore and investigate objects and materials, encounter creatures, people and plants and question how and why things work. Children will have opportunities to design, build and construct with a variety of materials and tooks. They will begin to learn about information technology through computers and programmable toys. Your child will also be able to find out about past and present events in their own lives and explore their local area. This area of learning also enables children to explore their own cultures and beliefs and those of others.


    This area of learning and development involves your child in exploring and experimenting with ideas, materials and activities using all their senses. This enables them to develop their curiosity. It will also help your child to share their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of art, movement, music, imaginative and role play activities.

    Understanding the World

    This area of learning and development will support your child in learning how to use and control their own body, developing and improving skills of coordination, control, manipulation and movement. Children will be involved in activities and play which allow them to develop both large and fine motor skills by using a range of equipment and tooks. They will also be involved in thinking about the importance of being healthy, through physical activity and learning about healthy food choices.